Again, please read this completely before proceeding with your download
We are now on step 2.
1. Install or setup your VM on your host system/OS.
2. Download Ubuntu
3. Verify the Ubuntu download’s MD5 Hash
4. Install the guest Ubuntu OS in your VM
5. Explore your new VM
Ubuntu iso download
Again, please download the iso to your host system’s desktop rather than letting your OS download it to documents or downloads. You may have to edit your browser’s download options to download to your desktop and this function is found in your browser’s options or preferences. BTW – you need to research what an iso is if you have forgotten.
You will need to choose the correct Ubuntu Desktop distribution. I highly recommend you choose the 32-bit version even if your system is 64 bit as it will have better compatibility noting the 32-bit version can resolve many installation problems with the following exception:
If you have a UEFI Win 7/Win8/Win10 machine you will be better off with the 64 bit version and you can quickly determine if you have UEFI by going into your BIOS setup (enter F2, F8, F12, etc. upon booting your machine) and seeing if your mouse works (mouse is enabled in UEFI BIOS whereas your mouse will not work in basic EFI BIOS).
The download can take some time so plan accordingly (i.e. go get a cup of coffee and read the book or even better have a look around the Ubuntu site at Long Term Support, Windows side by side installation, USB Installation, etc.). Since these downloads are significant, I recommend you download these from a reliable high-speed network (e.g. your home, the College, a library). Also, note the Ubuntu site states you will need to create a CD or USB stick to install however this is not correct for VM installations as the VM is an application already running on the Host OS. Lastly, note, for some people the download will hang at 6xx MB. If this happens, please pause and restart your download and it should finish.
Ubuntu 12.04 LTS downloads are here:
Again, we are using 12.04 since it matches the text and the main Ubuntu 12.04 download site is here and note the MD5 hashes at the bottom of the page: http://releases.ubuntu.com/12.04/
Note: we download the 12.04 because it corresponds to our free textbook. You may choose another version but I cannot support other versions. If you choose another version please make sure you choose a Long Term Support (LTS) version (e.g. 14.04, 16.04).
- PC (Intel x86) desktop CD – For almost all PCs. This includes most machines with Intel/AMD/etc type processors and almost all computers that run Microsoft Windows, as well as newer Apple Macintosh systems based on Intel processors. Choose this if you are at all unsure.
- 64-bit PC (AMD64) desktop CD – Choose this to take full advantage of computers based on the AMD64 or EM64T architecture (e.g., Athlon64, Opteron, EM64T Xeon, Core 2). If you have a non-64-bit processor made by AMD, or if you need full support for 32-bit code, use the Intel x86 images instead.
The main Ubuntu download page is located here should you need it:http://www.ubuntu.com/download. Note that you will see several versions for download and looking around is of course educational however I strictly recommend you choose a 32 bit ‘Long Term Support or LTS’ 12.04 version from the drop down menu so that we’re all on the same platform (My directions will be for the 12.04 LTS version).
The download can take some time so plan accordingly (i.e. go get a cup of coffee and read the book or even better have a look around the Ubuntu site at Long Term Support, Windows side by side installation etc.).
Also note the Ubuntu site states you will need to create a CD or USB stick to install however this is not correct for VM installations as the VM is an application already running on the Host OS. Lastly, note, for some people the download will hang at 6xx MB. If this happens, please pause and restart your download and it should finish.
Now once you download the .iso, DO NOT DOUBLE CLICK IT OR ACTIVATE IT. This .iso will be used as the VB Ubuntu installation media and we don’t want to install Ubuntu directly on our host overwriting our host OS. Again note, you are not installing this or mounting this in your host OS as it will be installed in the VB VM. BTW – research what an iso is if you are unfamiliar (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ISO_image).