Emergent & Convergent Technology

Hello all,

This is one of my favorite discussions.  I am a big advocate of collective intelligence and the diverse content knowledge of every CISS class is staggering.  One of the things I look forward to every semester is learning from everyone.  In the last DB I was very specific to the resources you reviewed and evaluated while this forum asks that you generate a discussion based on your experience or research. Also, note my APA Citations as these will be required in select future DBs – APA format can be found here:


Please note an APA citation is not required for this particular DB – I only wish to introduce their format and correct use.

In this discussion I would like you to provide me with your favorite emergent, evolving or convergent technology/business process or how technology is applied in a specific discipline (e.g. the changes in Medicine due to technology).  With respect to convergence, we are familiar with technology convergence where 2 technologies combine to form 1 product (e.g. the emergence of cell phones with cameras).  This new converged item forced us to create new or redefine policies since people were able to take pictures in new places (e.g. concerts and arts that formerly forbade photography, gym locker rooms, children’s playgrounds, etc.)

Technology has also resulted in converged business processes. 20 years ago Wedding Photographers would take photographs and send their photos off to be developed and mounted.  The emergence of digital photography has forced today’s Wedding Photographers to take the pictures, process them and mount them inorder to remain competitive.  We are seeing this throughout the “emergent flat marketplace” as UPS is now in the consulting business and Apple is in the education business with ITunesU.

This is a particularly relevant endeavor as you will have to locate, research and assess new technologies to solve business and IT problems in the work place. This perspective is consistent with Organizational and Information System’s Theory since an empowered diverse participatory workforce is more adept at scanning the environment, discovering and applying innovations (Boddie, Childs & Contardo, 2007; Robbins & Judge, 2007).

With this basis, please choose an emergent, evolving or convergent technology, of your choice and provide a description, your opinion and the URL of your technology/business process. You may want to begin with the Resource’s Hardware and Publication’s folders if you don’t have any ideas.   I am looking forward to this Discussion as your collective intelligence and set of diverse experiences is substantial.

Please note this DB is also fertile ground for term paper topics and this discussion will remain open throughout the course and you may submit many times if you desire.  Also note my APA format in text and reference citations although BB’s formatting controls are buggy as I cannot format this content to a consistent font.  We will not cover Web presentation and Information/graphic design for several weeks however the BB induced inconsistent fonts/formatting affect this content’s credibility and therefore your trust.  This is something to consider as you surf the Web and find errors in content or design from this point on. In preparation, Firefox users may wish to install the Firefox HTML Tidy plug-in allowing you to quickly assess W3C compliance and therefore accessibility.

Thank you again,

Prof James Looby

APA References – Note that while not required for this DB, the in-text citations as used above should be provided for anything that is not common knowledge (Note they are not graded unless specified as required).  For your reference, the first reference is an article while the second reference is a text or book (Note that they should be double spaced and second and subsequent lines should be indented but BB is challenged with respect to formatting). The corresponding end references are as follows:

Boddie, W., Contardo,  J., & Childs, R. (2007). The future workforce: here they come. 

Public Manager, 36(4), 25-28

Robbins, S. P., & Judge, T. A. (2007). Organizational behavior.

Upper Saddle River, NJ USA: Prentice Hall.

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